Vertigo, dizziness and balance problems are not just a problem with the inner ear or your sinus. This is highly important for a practitioner to understand if they want to resolve and eliminate vertigo, dizziness and balance problems. In fact balance disorders are a complex combination of neurological, hormonal, immune, mechanical, and nutritional problems.
There are several different kinds of balance disorders. There is vertigo with spinning. There is vertigo without spinning. There is ataxia which is like a clumsiness. There is disequilibrium in which your balance is off — you bump into things. There’s visual vertigo in which you walk into an area and you see something that overwhelms your brain and makes you feel like you’re spinning. There is Ménière’s disease causing imbalance, hearing loss, nausea, and tinnitus (ringing in ears). There is just plain dizziness. There is car sickness and more. And these are all individualized variations of the same neurologic and metabolic mechanisms.
Here’s the key to solving balance disorders. Remember these disorders are not simply inner ear problems. Good balance and steadiness is a result of a complex interaction between a couple of different systems: your visual system and what your eyes are seeing, your muscle joint feedback system and what your body is doing, and your vestibular system (your inner ear) and what your head is doing.
When all of these systems are playing together nicely, and they calibrate properly you’ve got good balance. When they don’t, you don’t.
The areas of the brain involved with balance disorder patients and the biggest causes of balance disorders are problems with the cerebellum, frontal lobe and parietal lobe — not just the inner ear. This is called the Functional Disconnection Syndrome (FDS) for reasons that will soon become apparent.
Your cerebellum is at the back of your brain. It’s right at the base of your skull. The cerebellum coordinates everything — your balance, your body movements, your spine movements, your eye movements, even your thought processes.
The parietal lobe of the brain must synthesize or put together all the information coming from your eyes, inner ear, and muscles and joints. This coordination of brain function creates kind of the “map” so your body and nervous system know where you are, where you’re moving, what direction you’re moving in, and how fast. When one of these areas starts to weaken or deactivate it doesn’t pull its weight and all parts of the brain — cerebellum, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, and inner ear disconnect (FDS) and you become imbalanced.
To reconnect this system the newest research and brain and metabolic technologies have found that you can “reset” the brain with numerous, targeted, specific brain-based “activations” or exercises which can strengthen the weakened areas and bring that these synchronized neurological areas in the balance.
To achieve this however the involved brain cells in the “weakened” areas must be healthy. Neurons become unhealthy due to various stresses and traumas and improper fuel to the cell, the main fuel being glucose. So imbalanced glucose mechanisms must be investigated. Generalized inflammatory processes also destabilize brain cells. There are more causes of generalized inflammatory processes that can affect the brain than this article can cover, but these metabolic mechanisms along with blood sugar must be properly evaluated with blood, saliva, urine and sometimes fecal tests and be corrected to get the brain cells in proper metabolic balance. Once this is achieved by dietary alterations and natural supplementation support, further nondrug methods can be utilized to activate the weakened brain cells and bring corrective long-term balance to the system and to the balance disorder sufferer.
Dizziness, Vertigo, and Imbalance
Author: Hesham M Samy, MD, PhD, Head of Hearing & Balance Unit, Otolaryngology Department, Minia University, Egypt
Coauthor(s): Mohamed A Hamid, MD, PhD, Founder and Medical Director, The Cleveland Hearing and Balance Center; Clinical and Adjunct Professor: ENT, Case-MetroHealth (Cleveland, OH), Medical College of Virginia (Richmond, VA), Ain Shams University (Cairo, Egypt) emedicine.medscape.com
Central vestibular disorders.
Dept. of Neurology, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Langenbeckstrasse 1, 55131, Mainz, Germany.